Pl Sql On Error Goto
Guidelines for Avoiding and Handling Exceptions To make your programs as reliable and safe as possible: Use both error-checking code and exception handlers. You can place RAISE statements for a given exception anywhere within the scope of that exception. Design your programs to work when the database is not in the state you expect. Oracle recommends using DBMS_UTILITY.FORMAT_ERROR_STACK, except when using the FORALL statement with its SAVE EXCEPTIONS clause, as in Example 12-13.
Example 11-11 Reraising Exception DECLARE salary_too_high EXCEPTION; current_salary NUMBER := 20000; max_salary NUMBER := 10000; erroneous_salary NUMBER; BEGIN BEGIN IF current_salary > max_salary THEN RAISE salary_too_high; -- raise exception END IF; The procedure compiles without warnings. Has the acronym DNA ever been widely understood to stand for deoxyribose nucleic acid? If this fetch fails (no data) I would like to CONTINUE the loop to the next record from within the EXCEPTION.
Pl Sql Goto Statement Example
Do I need to do this? If you exit a subprogram successfully, PL/SQL assigns values to OUT parameters. NOT_LOGGED_ON Your program issues a database call without being connected to Oracle.
Raise the user-defined exception based on a specific business rule in the execution section. 3. For more information about PL/SQL units and compiler parameters, see "PL/SQL Units and Compilation Parameters". Redeclaring Predefined Exceptions Remember, PL/SQL declares predefined exceptions globally in package STANDARD, so you need not declare them yourself. Oracle Sql Except ORA-01422 ZERO_DIVIDE When you attempt to divide a number by zero.
Consider the example below. Pl Sql Exception When Others Advantages of Exception Handlers Using exception handlers for error-handling makes programs easier to write and understand, and reduces the likelihood of unhandled exceptions. When an error occurs, an exception is raised. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/23913404/on-error-resume-next-type-of-error-handling-in-pl-sql-oracle I have a new guy joining the group.
BEGIN p(1); END; / Result: Substituting default value for invalid number. Pl Sql Exception Handling Best Practices The primary algorithm is not obscured by error recovery algorithms. Add exception handlers wherever errors can occur. In other words, it will continue on to the next iteration of the user_rec loop.
Pl Sql Exception When Others
If either ex_name_2 or ex_name_3 was raised, then statements_2 run. User-defined You can declare your own exceptions in the declarative part of any PL/SQL anonymous block, subprogram, or package. Pl Sql Goto Statement Example So, your program cannot open that cursor inside the loop. Oracle Exception Error Message You can also check for errors in a single statement by putting that statement inside a block with its own exception handler.
Example 11-19 is like Example 11-17 except that an enclosing block handles the exception that the exception handler in the inner block raises. To reraise an exception, simply place a RAISE statement in the local handler, as shown in the following example: DECLARE out_of_balance EXCEPTION; BEGIN ... END; In this example, if the SELECT INTO statement raises a ZERO_DIVIDE exception, the local handler catches it and sets pe_ratio to zero. RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR Procedure You can invoke the RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR procedure (defined in the DBMS_STANDARD package) only from a stored subprogram or method. Oracle Exception List
In any of the preceding ALTER statements, you set the value of PLSQL_WARNINGS with this syntax: PLSQL_WARNINGS = 'value_clause' [, 'value_clause' ] ... PL/SQL Tutorial Learn Pl/SQL in a simple way. Enter your search terms Submit search form Web plsql-tutorial.com Consider the following example: BEGIN ... LOGIN_DENIED Your program attempts to log on to Oracle with an invalid username and/or password.
Exception Name Reason Error Number CURSOR_ALREADY_OPEN When you open a cursor that is already open. Pl Sql Exception No Data Found WHEN OTHERS THEN -- handles all other errors ROLLBACK; END; -- exception handlers and block end here The last example illustrates exception handling, not the effective use of INSERT statements. In Example 11-13, the inner block declares an exception named past_due, for which it has no exception handler.
SELF_IS_NULL Your program attempts to call a MEMBER method on a null instance.
To have the enclosing block handle the raised exception, you must remove its declaration from the sub-block or define an OTHERS handler. Table 11-3 lists the names and error codes of the predefined exceptions. Error-handling code is isolated in the exception-handling parts of the blocks. Pl Sql Exception Continue Enclosing block: Row inserted.
Maximum salary is 10000. Example 11-21 Exception Raised in Exception Handler is Handled by Enclosing Block CREATE PROCEDURE descending_reciprocals (n INTEGER) AUTHID DEFINER IS i INTEGER; i_is_one EXCEPTION; BEGIN BEGIN i := n; LOOP IF Example 11-1 shows several ALTER statements that set the value of PLSQL_WARNINGS. A GOTO statement cannot branch from an outer block into a sub-block (that is, an inner BEGIN-END block).
The USER_DUMP_DEST initialization parameter specifies the current location of the trace files. Here is a related question: 'CONTINUE' keyword in Oracle 10g PL/SQL share|improve this answer answered May 5 '11 at 20:20 angus 1,83111020 add a comment| up vote 9 down vote In The following table lists few of the important pre-defined exceptions: Exception Oracle Error SQLCODE Description ACCESS_INTO_NULL 06530 -6530 It is raised when a null object is automatically assigned a value. DECLARE c_id customers.id%type := &cc_id; c_name customers.name%type; c_addr customers.address%type; -- user defined exception ex_invalid_id EXCEPTION; BEGIN IF c_id <= 0 THEN RAISE ex_invalid_id; ELSE SELECT name, address INTO c_name, c_addr FROM
To handle raised exceptions, you write separate routines called exception handlers.